Women’s News: Looking At Female Role Models May Make Women Better Leaders, Says Study

Women’s News: Looking At Female Role Models May Make Women Better Leaders, Says Study

A Message From The Creator

A Message From The Creator

Women’s Health: Young Women Rejecting Mammogram Guidelines, New Rates Suggest

Women’s Health: Young Women Rejecting Mammogram Guidelines, New Rates Suggest

A Message From The Creator


Women’s News: Looking At Female Role Models May Make Women Better Leaders, Says Study

Hillary Rodham Clinton

Could simply looking at a photograph of Hillary Clinton while you’re giving a speech make you a better public speaker? A new study on female leadership says yes.

The study, published in the May issue of the Journal of Experimental Social Psychology found that looking at images of female role models while giving a speech could improve women’s leadership skills, reported Popular Science. The researchers had 149 Swiss university students (81 women and 68 men) give a political speech arguing against higher student fees. Some of the students gave their speeches while looking at a photograph of Hillary Clinton hanging on the back wall, some saw a picture of Bill Clinton, some gazed at Angela Merkel’s face and some spoke with nothing hanging on the wall.

After the speeches, audience members were asked to evaluate them, and the participants were asked to evaluate elements of their own performances, including body language and fluency. The researchers found that the female participants spoke for longer and their speeches were rated higher by both the audience and themselves when they were looking a portrait of Hillary Clinton or Angela Merkel, reported Research Digest.

“We believe these findings are important because although a wealth of research has studied the effects of role models on academic and math performance, there is no research that investigates the effect of female political role models on successful leadership behaviour,” the researchers wrote.

Though the sample size was small, the results of this study suggest that increasing the presence of female leaders and role models could give more young women the confidence to demonstrate strong leadership skills in a world where men still hold the vast majority of leadership positions in government and business. It’s not clear whether these results apply to skills outside of public speaking and the political sphere, but anecdotal evidence in the wake of the publication of Sheryl Sandberg’s much-discussed book “Lean In” suggests that it might. “It’s been less than a month since Sheryl Sandberg published ‘Lean In: Women, Work, and the Will to Lead,’ and I’ve already had two women bring up her name in salary negotiations,” wroteBuzzFeed editor in chief Ben Smith on April 9th.

The study and reactions to Sandberg’s book put an interesting question to women: What could you do if you remembered in moments when you need to lead that Clinton and Sandberg and Merkel have been there and done that? Maybe a lot more than you think.

Read More: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/04/20/looking-at-female-role-models-women-better-leaders-study_n_3122504.html?utm_hp_ref=women&ir=Women?utm_hp_ref=women&ir=Women


Women’s Health: Young Women Rejecting Mammogram Guidelines, New Rates Suggest


Catherine Pearson


It has been more than three years since a high-profile medical task force issued controversial guidelines saying that most women age 40 to 49 should no longer get routine mammograms.

But the recommendations from the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) — an independent panel that reviews a range of preventive services — do not appear to have had any measurable effect on whether women actually get screened. In recent years, mammography rates have not gone down in any age group, including women in that 40-to-49 bracket, a new study, published today in the journalCancer, suggests.

“These recommendations — which are recommendations from one of the most prominent national bodies out there –have not been widely adopted,” study author Dr. Lydia Pace, a global women’s health fellow at Brigham and Women’s Hospital in Boston, Mass., told HuffPost. “We have not seen the decrease you would expect if these recommendations had been widely adopted.”

Investigators analyzed data from nearly 28,000 women who were asked whether they’d had a mammogram in the 2005, 2008 and 2011 National Health Interview Surveys. Mammography rates actually increased slightly between 2008 and 2011, from 51.9 to 53.6 percent, and did not decrease among women age 40 to 49 after the new USPSTF guidelines came out.

Prior to 2009, the USPSTF had recommended that all women over the age of 40 get a mammogram every one to two years. The task force then changed its recommendations to biennial screening for women age 50 to 74, and against routine mammograms for women in their 40s. Because the incidence of breast cancer among younger women is relatively low, experts rationalized, a high number of women would need to be screened in order to save one life from breast cancer — not enough of a net benefit to recommend it routinely. The task force also argued that false positives can cause psychological harm and lead to unnecessary tests and biopsies, and they are more common in women age 40 to 49.

The revision quickly sparked a controversy in the medical world, one that made headlines in mainstream media outlets.

Other major medical groups, including the American Cancer Society, continue to recommend yearly mammograms for women starting at age 40.

“We still have respected organizations that have fundamentally different recommendations when it comes to screening mammography,” Dr. Len Lichtenfeld, deputy chief medical officer for the American Cancer Society, told HuffPost. “The task force has its position, the American Cancer Society and other organizations have a different position, and both sides on this discussion believe that the evidence is in their favor.”

“There was a vigorous discussion in the media about it,” said Dr. Therese Bevers, medical director of the cancer prevention center at the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center. Bevers said she disagrees with the USPSTF recommendations. Another “big, compelling force,” she said, is word of mouth.

“Some women are hearing from their friends, ‘You’ve got to get the mammogram. It was the mammogram that found my mom’s cancer, or my cancer,'” she said. “So they’re hearing messages from a number of avenues.”

Another possible explanation for the lack of change in mammography rates is simply that not enough time has passed since the USPSTF changed its recommendations. It can take years for a medical body’s directives to filter down to doctors and their patients, and the study’s authors admit that the new study may have been conducted too soon after the new guidelines were issued to detect a decline. However, similar studies looking at prostate cancer screening rates after the task force recommended against it found that screening rates dropped as soon as one year later. In that case, however, the new recommendations more closely matched those of other major medical groups.

What this means is that likely, other forces are at play. One additional possibility is confusion: In one recent survey, only 20 percent of women knew what the new USPSTF recommendations were.

“We can probably attribute some of it to confusion, and [some] to disagreement with the recommendations,” said Pace. “There are some providers and patients who might simply say, ‘These don’t apply to me.'”

Under the Affordable Care Act, Medicare and most private insurance plans are now required to cover annual mammograms for women over age 40.

Read More:  http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/04/19/mammogram-guidelines_n_3112397.html?utm_hp_ref=women&ir=Women

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