Women’s News: Do Birth Control Pills Make Women Prefer Feminine Men?

Women’s News: Do Birth Control Pills Make Women Prefer Feminine Men?

A Message From The Creator

A Message From The Creator

My Two Moms: A 17-Year-Old’s Take on Prop 8 and DOMA

My Two Moms: A 17-Year-Old’s Take on Prop 8 and DOMA

My Two Moms: A 17-Year-Old’s Take on Prop 8 and DOMA

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Abby Bergman

Junior at Vistamar High School, activist

Last week, when the highest judiciary in the nation was discussing the fate of countless families like mine in California and possibly throughout the nation, I want to take the time to explain my individual perspective as the 17-year-old daughter of two moms. My parents met at a mutual friend’s college party and immediately hit it off. They were “married” in a religious (although not “legal”) ceremony several years later. They were married again in Victoria BC, after Canada legalized same-sex marriages, and they tried to be married again in California in 2008 after same-sex couples were temporarily given the right to marry. They were turned away by the county recorder’s office because their Canadian marriage was now recognized. They will celebrate their 30th anniversary this year.

At present, none of these marriages are valid in the federal government’s eyes — unless the Supreme Court chooses to overcome prejudice and overturn Proposition 8 and DOMA.

I also want to address the claim made by proponents of Proposition 8 and DOMA that LGBT-headed households are harmful to children. This, in my experience, is completely false. My sister and I grew up knowing no other family than ours; two women who love each other and love us. That is just the way it always was. I can’t believe that anyone would try to tell me that just because my parents both happen to be women, they love me and my sister any less or are any less capable of providing for us, than if one of them was a man. In no way did I ever feel that I was missing anything that my moms couldn’t provide.

Our family situation is as stable (if not more so) than any heterosexual family. Because I never knew any other family dynamic, I never felt that I was missing anything. And I wasn’t. I have two parents who love me and that is all that matters. As a 2-year-old child, I began to notice that I had two mommies, while other kids had only one. “How did they get to be so unlucky?” I wondered. It never occurred to me that society considered me to be the unfortunate one. In my innocence, I assumed that families like mine were the lucky ones.

I started campaigning for equal rights and marriage equality when I was only 7-years-old at a campaign rally in Los Angeles. At that point, I was too young to comprehend that anyone would actively work to prevent a minority from obtaining basic rights. I’ve been campaigning ever since, lobbying in Washington, D.C., and speaking on panels about the normalcy of having two moms. And now, as a high school junior, I know that I am who I am because of my moms, and I couldn’t be happier or healthier.

I remember waking up the morning after Prop 8 passed wondering how this is possible and questioning why people didn’t know better. How is it that a 17-year-old can see what some adults cannot seem to? That love makes a family.

Read More:  http://www.huffingtonpost.com/abby-bergman/california-gay-marriage_b_2981219.html?utm_hp_ref=women&ir=Women

A Message From The Creator

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Women’s News: Do Birth Control Pills Make Women Prefer Feminine Men?

Leonardo DiCaprio

Catherine Pearson

Your birth control pill is designed to prevent pregnancy, but it may also influence who you are attracted to, according to a small new study that found women on the pill preferred men with less masculine faces.

In the two-part investigation, published recently online in the journalPsychoneuroendocrinology, 18 heterosexual college-aged women in the U.K. were shown composite images of men’s and women’s faces. They were told to adjust the images until they’d zeroed in on the face they’d be most attracted to for a short-term or long-term relationship.

The women were tested twice: Once when they were not on the pill, and three months later when all of them were. The study also included a larger control group of women who never took the pill.

The results revealed that the women were less partial to masculine facial features when they were on the birth control pill than when they were not on it. Masculine facial features included larger jaws, more prominent brow ridges and more angular features. However, being on the pill did not influence the women’s preferences when they were looking at photos of other women, suggesting that the pill somehow affected what they found attractive in potential mates, but not in faces in general.

In a second experiment, the researchers recruited 170 couples. In half of them, the woman was on birth control when the couple met. The researchers showed photographs of the men to additional groups of volunteers — both men and women — who rated how masculine the men’s faces were. In keeping with the findings of the first experiment, the women who were on the pill when they met their partners tended to be in a relationship with men whose faces were less manly.

So how exactly does the birth control pill sway women’s preferences toward less masculine faces?

“I think it is still an open question about the actual mechanism,” said study researcher Anthony Little, a research fellow in the school of psychology at Scotland’s University of Stirling. “The pill changes the hormonal profile of women, and this hormonal profile influences bodily processes concerned with conception and reproduction.” Hormones also appear to affect psychological processes, such as determining preferences, though the process behind this is not well understood, he added.

But the current study seems to raise as many questions as it answers. The researchers did not look at the type or dose of birth control that women took, and focused only on heterosexual women. Still, Little said the findings suggest there are potential ramifications to taking birth control pills that are not fully understood.

“Our effects demonstrate an effect of pill use on both preferences and partner choice,” he said. “This may have implications for relationship stability because women may switch between using or not-using the pill during the course of a relationship.”

A handful of prior studies have also suggested that birth control affects women’s partner choices. A 2012 study (also led by a University of Stirling researcher) found that women who took birth control pills when they met their partner were later less attracted to them and less sexually satisfied than non-pill users, but were happier with their partners in other areas, such as their finances.

A 2009 journal review of a small group of studies looking at the issue concluded that the pill can significantly impact women’s mating choices, such as making them less likely to pick partners who are different from them genetically. But some experts disagreed with the findings: In a letter to the journal’s editor, two independent researchers wrote that while “pill-induced behavior effects” warrant further investigation, the review was “based more on speculation than actual scientific facts.”

The Centers for Disease Control estimates that 82 percent of 15- to 44-year-old women in the U.S. have taken the birth control pill during their lifetimes.

Read More:  http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/04/01/birth-control-attraction_n_2981391.html?utm_hp_ref=women&ir=Women?utm_hp_ref=women&ir=Women

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