A Message From The Creator

A Message From The Creator

Women’s News: I Was a Fat Ballerina

Women’s News: I Was a Fat Ballerina

Women’s Health: Advanced Breast Cancer Rates Up In Younger Women

Women’s Health: Advanced Breast Cancer Rates Up In Younger Women

Women’s Health: Advanced Breast Cancer Rates Up In Younger Women



CHICAGO — Advanced breast cancer has increased slightly among young women, a 34-year analysis suggests. The disease is still uncommon among women younger than 40, and the small change has experts scratching their heads about possible reasons.

The results are potentially worrisome because young women’s tumors tend to be more aggressive than older women’s, and they’re much less likely to get routine screening for the disease.

Still, that doesn’t explain why there’d be an increase in advanced cases and the researchers and other experts say more work is needed to find answers.

It’s likely that the increase has more than one cause, said Dr. Rebecca Johnson, the study’s lead author and medical director of a teen and young adult cancer program at Seattle Children’s Hospital.

“The change might be due to some sort of modifiable risk factor, like a lifestyle change” or exposure to some sort of cancer-linked substance, she said.

Johnson said the results translate to about 250 advanced cases diagnosed in women younger than 40 in the mid-1970s versus more than 800 in 2009. During those years, the number of women nationwide in that age range went from about 22 million to closer to 30 million – an increase that explains part of the study trend “but definitely not all of it,” Johnson said.

Other experts said women delaying pregnancy might be a factor, partly because getting pregnant at an older age might cause an already growing tumor to spread more quickly in response to pregnancy hormones.

Obesity and having at least a drink or two daily have both been linked with breast cancer but research is inconclusive on other possible risk factors, including tobacco and chemicals in the environment. Whether any of these explains the slight increase in advanced disease in young women is unknown.

There was no increase in cancer at other stages in young women. There also was no increase in advanced disease among women older than 40.

Overall U.S. breast cancer rates have mostly fallen in more recent years, although there are signs they may have plateaued.

Some 17 years ago, Johnson was diagnosed with early-stage breast cancer at age 27, and that influenced her career choice to focus on the disease in younger women.

“Young women and their doctors need to understand that it can happen in young women,” and get checked if symptoms appear, said Johnson, now 44. “People shouldn’t just watch and wait.”

The authors reviewed a U.S. government database of cancer cases from 1976 to 2009. They found that among women aged 25 to 39, breast cancer that has spread to distant parts of the body – advanced disease – increased from between 1 and 2 cases per 100,000 women to about 3 cases per 100,000 during that time span.

The study was published Tuesday in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

About one in 8 women will develop breast cancer in their lifetime, but only 1 in 173 will develop it by age 40. Risks increase with age and certain gene variations can raise the odds.

Routine screening with mammograms is recommended for older women but not those younger than 40.

Dr. Len Lichtenfeld, the American Cancer Society’s deputy chief medical officer, said the results support anecdotal reports but that there’s no reason to start screening all younger women since breast cancer is still so uncommon for them.

He said the study “is solid and interesting and certainly does raise questions as to why this is being observed.” One of the most likely reasons is probably related to changes in childbearing practices, he said, adding that the trend “is clearly something to be followed.”

Dr. Ann Partridge, chair of the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s advisory committee on breast cancer in young women, agreed but said it’s also possible that doctors look harder for advanced disease in younger women than in older patients. More research is needed to make sure the phenomenon is real, said Partridge, director of a program for young women with breast cancer at the Harvard-affiliated Dana-Farber Cancer Institute.

The study shouldn’t cause alarm, she said. Still, Partridge said young women should be familiar with their breasts and see the doctor if they notice any lumps or other changes.

Software engineer Stephanie Carson discovered a large breast tumor that had already spread to her lungs; that diagnosis in 2003 was a huge shock.

“I was so clueless,” she said. “I was just 29 and that was the last thing on my mind.”

Carson, who lives near St. Louis, had a mastectomy, chemotherapy, radiation and other treatments and she frequently has to try new drugs to keep the cancer at bay.

Because most breast cancer is diagnosed in early stages, there’s a misconception that women are treated, and then get on with their lives, Carson said. She and her husband had to abandon hopes of having children, and she’s on medical leave from her job.

“It changed the complete course of my life,” she said. “But it’s still a good life.”

Read More:  http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/02/26/breast-cancer-rate-young-women_n_2768582.html?utm_hp_ref=womens-health


Women’s News: I Was a Fat Ballerina

Lauren Warnecke

Dance writer, educator

Plain oatmeal with sliced tomato and black pepper.

Coffee with cream.

Five spoonfuls of peanut butter and half a bag of grapes. 

Ten years ago, this was my daily diet.

As a young dancer, I had some serious issues with food, but not in the sense that most dancers have issues with food. I was a socially awkward band-nerd ballerina, and my coping mechanism for getting through high school was usually ice cream.

I’m 5’9″, and by the age of 18, I was tipping the scale at around 188 pounds. Not too bad for a normal college freshman, but devastating for a girl who has to spend her whole day standing in front of a mirror in pink tights.

I was “talked to” on several occasions about my weight. These aren’t easily forgettable conversations:

“You know, Lauren, you’ll never get a job in dance unless you lose weight…”

“I don’t think I can lift her… she’s too big for me.”

…and my favorite:

“I’m surprised how high you can jump considering how big you are.”

I remember finding my college audition form during a late-night sneak through the Dean’s office with some friends. Clearly written across the top was “OVERWEIGHT” in big, capital letters. Beneath it was scribbled “$3,000,” indicating the amount of the scholarship I was receiving.

Wait. Huh?

So the people at my school saw me as fat and talented. I guess there are worse things…


Eventually, I realized that there were a few changes I could make to my diet to hopefully prevent me from having to buy plus-sized leotards. It started by cutting out white bread and regular soda. I saw measurable improvement, and after six months or so of careful and healthy attention to what I was eating I had lost about 25 pounds.

Neat! I was finally getting positive attention from my teachers and peers. I transferred to a different school, moved to the city and started seeing a career in dance as a real possibility. But a combination of an extremely limited budget, living in an apartment and cooking for myself –along with some serious body image issues — sent me on a weight loss spiral.

Hence, the daily intake of nothing more than oatmeal, grapes and peanut butter.

I was desperate to do anything that would allow my body to lose more weight, including adding excessive amounts of exercise. After dancing all day, I would wake up in the middle of the night and go to the gym in my building for three-mile runs. I was consumed by what my body looked like, isolating myself from friends and family and literally driving myself crazy. And the kicker was everyone told me I looked fantastic.

At a weight of about 135 pounds, the bottom fell out. I got injured, and sporadic training and depression caused me to put on weight, and quickly. It also got me fired from a dance company. Seems as though they liked me better at my svelter weight, since the reason I was given for being released was “not looking good in the costume.”

As Eating Disorders Awareness month draws to a close, I share this personal story not to draw attention to me or to what I went through, but to throw it out there that dancers who struggle with eating and body image aren’t alone, and no two stories are the same. My problem was not anorexia, but a food addiction, which wasn’t really understood by anyone around me (including me). I never received a diagnosis, never sought help or treatment of any kind, and it’s taken nearly 10 years to rebuild my hostile relationships with both food and dance.

As our field evolves, maybe there’s a place for a dancer like me that wasn’t there when I was growing up. The teachers and directors around me saw that I had talent, and believed in me enough to pick me, hire me and give me a scholarship. But ultimately, they didn’t know what to do with me, or understand that I don’t fit in a mold (or an old tutu that some stick-thin girl wore 25 years ago). Looking back now, I think these adults were trying to help me, and I’m sure that they felt equally mortified by our conversations. But to imagine that I was oblivious to my size was naïve on their part, and congratulating a period of rapid weight loss without digging deeper is ultimately imprudent.

I see my current stature (healthy weight, still tall) as an opportunity rather than a crutch. At both my heaviest AND my lightest, I was doing a disservice to dance because I was focused on my appearance above the movement. The world is just beginning to recognize dancers as athletes, and what I’d like to impart to dancers of any age or size is that it’s not about altering your bodies to fit dance, it’s about altering dance to fit your bodies. It’s about fit vs. unfit, not fat vs. thin, and a dancer of any weight who moves with integrity, passion, athleticism and a full range of motion is simply unstoppable.

Read More:  http://www.huffingtonpost.com/lauren-warnecke/i-was-a-fat-ballerina-body-image-eating-disorder_b_2766628.html?utm_hp_ref=women&ir=Women


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