A Message From The Creator

A Message From The Creator

Inspirational Woman Of The Day: Jane Goodall

Inspirational Woman Of The Day: Jane Goodall

A Woman’s Story: Texas Woman to Receive Nation’s First Double Arm Transplant

A Woman’s Story: Texas Woman to Receive Nation’s First Double Arm Transplant

Women’s Health: Does Your Menopause Affect Your Mental Health?

Women’s Health: Does Your Menopause Affect Your Mental Health?

Women’s Health: Does Your Menopause Affect Your Mental Health?

Mache Seibel

Founder http://www.DoctorSeibel.com; Co-author, Save Your Life: What to Do In A Medical Emergency

ince September is Menopause Awareness Month, here is the first in a series of articles on menopause.

Many women worry that reaching menopause will tip their emotional wellbeing. Doctors typically blame estrogen, because estrogen levels drop in the years leading up to menopause — the perimenopause — and lower levels of estrogen can lead to hot flashes, poor sleep, night sweats and more frequent urination.

All of these things can keep a woman up at night or at least disturb her sleep. And tired people are at more risk of being cranky and depressed. But midlife itself is also a time that many people are at risk for depression, mood swings and irritability. If your menopause seems to be affecting your mental health, talk openly about it with your doctor.

Here are seven things to consider before you have that conversation:

• Were you depressed before menopause? Could this be part of an ongoing problem that just got worse?
• Are too many wrinkles and too little energy making you feel old and negative about yourself and lowering your self-esteem?
• Is your life under increased stress?
• Are you suffering from severe menopausal symptoms that are bringing you down?
• Are you socially isolated — no relationship, friends or family for support?
• Are you having financial problems that limit your happiness?
• Are you sad because you don’t have kids or can’t have any more kids?

Here are some ways to help you feel better:

• First, talk about menopause with your doctor. Consider estrogen and find out if it is a good choice for you or if not, what the alternatives are.
• Consider talk therapy with a mental health professional or someone trained to deal with mental health issues and menopause. I treat many women who are in or near menopause and need guidance through this window of transition. Talking with friends or others who have similar problems can also help.
• Discuss medical prescriptions for depression with your doctor to find out if this treatment would be helpful for you.
• Get enough sleep. As Shakespeare said, “sleep knits the raveled sleeve of care.” Click here for a free sleep diary to see if you are getting enough sleep.
• Get physical — start to exercise (walk, garden or go dancing) for at least 30 minutes at least four days a week.
• Look for ways to de-stress — listen to relaxing music, read a book or try relaxation techniques.Click here for a free relaxing song I wrote called “Summer Day.” Breathe in and out slowly while listening to the song.
• Use positive affirmations such as “I attract only healthy relationships,” “I am capable and deserve success,” or “I believe in myself and others believe in me too.” Positive self-talk works.

Read More: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/mache-seibel-md/menopause-mental-health_b_1869510.html?utm_hp_ref=womens-health

A Woman’s Story: Texas Woman to Receive Nation’s First Double Arm Transplant

Surgeons at Brigham and Women’s Hospital in Boston will perform the nation’s first double arm transplant on a Texas woman, the hospital announced Wednesday.

Katy Hayes, 44, a quadruple amputee and mother of three from Kingwood, Texas, has been approved for the transplant after undergoing rigorous evaluation.

In 2010, Hayes, a former massage therapist, developed a flesh-eating bacterial infection after giving birth to her third child. To keep her alive, doctors had to amputate her arm above the elbow, her legs above her knees, her uterus and her large intestines.

“I never thought about how much a gift your hands are,” Hayes said at a news conference Wednesday. “I have to be baby-sat, which is ridiculous.”

More than 48 patients worldwide have received hand and arm transplants. In 2009, the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center performed the nation’s first bilateral hand transplant.

An above-the-elbow arm transplant similar to Hayes’ proposed procedure has previously been performed in Munich, Germany, by Dr. Christoph Hoehnke.

The procedure will involve a team of 40 medical experts, doctors said at the news conference.

The transplant will connect skin, muscle, bones and blood vessels on both arms. While the surgery will repair the appearance of her arms, doctors are not sure whether full function of the arms will be restored.

Unlike internal organ transplants, hand and arm transplants not only depend on connecting the blood supply, but also on nerve regrowth for the arm to function normally, according to Dr. Vijay Gorantlaadministrative medicaldirector of the Pittsburgh Reconstructive Transplant Program at University of Pittsburgh Medical Center.

Nerves regrow about one millimeter a day, said Gorantla, who is not involved in Hayes’ transplant, but was on the earlier double-hand transplant team.

“The recipient nerves have to regrow in the donor shell,” said Gorantla, adding it could take years, if it happens at all. “At this point, there’s no technology to expedite that growth.”

“Theoretically, there’s a risk that these patients may not be functional or as functional as a distal hand transplant,” he said.

Research on hand and arm transplants has grown since the first transplant. Transplant patients often take multiple high-dose medications to prevent tissue rejection. Researchers at Johns Hopkins Medicine are researching ways to cut the number of high-dose drugs taken.

In a current study, Johns Hopkins researchers are treating patients with antibodies on the day of the transplant, followed by a bone marrow infusion after the transplant. Patients are then able to be treated with a single, lower-dose medication.

Doctors did not clarify Hayes’ post-transplant recovery plans, but said the process to recovery will be a long one.

“I want my life back,” said Hayes. “I want to hold my children. I want to hug my husband.”

Dr. Bohdan Pomahac, director of plastic surgery transplantation at Brigham and Women’s Hospital, the same pioneering surgeon who performed total face transplants to patients including Dallas Weins and Charla Nash, will be among Hayes’ surgical team.

Brigham and Women’s is working with the New England Organ Bank, a New England-based organ procurement organization, to find Hayes a donor.

Read More: http://abcnews.go.com/blogs/health/2012/09/12/texas-woman-to-receive-nations-first-double-arm-transplant/

Inspirational Woman Of The Day: Jane Goodall

 

Born on April 3, 1934 in London, England, Jane Goodall set out to Tanzania to study wild chimpanzees by sitting amongst them, bypassing more rigid procedures and uncovering discoveries about primate behavior that have continued to shape scientific discourse. She is a highly respected member of the world scientific community and is a staunch advocate of ecological preservation.

Early Life

Ethologist. Born April 3, 1934, in London, England, to Mortimer Herbert Goodall, a businessperson and motor-racing enthusiast, and the former Margaret Myfanwe Joseph, who wrote novels under the name Vanne Morris Goodall. Along with her sister, Judy, Goodall was reared in London and Bournemouth, England. Her fascination with animal behavior began in early childhood. In her leisure time, she observed native birds and animals, making extensive notes and sketches, and read widely in the literature of zoology and ethology. From an early age, she dreamed of traveling to Africa to observe exotic animals in their natural habitats.

Early Interest in Primates

Goodall attended the Uplands private school, receiving her school certificate in 1950 and a higher certificate in 1952. At age 18 she left school and found employment as a secretary at Oxford University. In her spare time, she worked at a London-based documentary film company to finance a long-anticipated trip to Africa. At the invitation of a childhood friend, she visited South Kinangop, Kenya. Through other friends, she soon met the famed anthropologist Louis Leakey, then curator of the Coryndon Museum in Nairobi. Leakey hired her as a secretary and invited her to participate in an anthropological dig at the now famous Olduvai Gorge, a site rich in fossilized prehistoric remains of early ancestors of humans. In addition, Goodall was sent to study the vervet monkey, which lives on an island in Lake Victoria.

Leakey believed that a long-term study of the behavior of higher primates would yield important evolutionary information. He had a particular interest in the chimpanzee, the second most intelligent primate. Few studies of chimpanzees had been successful; either the size of the safari frightened the chimps, producing unnatural behaviors, or the observers spent too little time in the field to gain comprehensive knowledge. Leakey believed that Goodall had the proper temperament to endure long-term isolation in the wild. At his prompting, she agreed to attempt such a study. Many experts objected to Leakey’s selection of Goodall because she had no formal scientific education and lacked even a general college degree.

Observing Chimps in Africa

While Leakey searched for financial support for the proposed Gombe Reserve project, Goodall returned to England to work on an animal documentary for Granada Television. On July 16, 1960, accompanied by her mother and an African cook, she returned to Africa and established a camp on the shore of Lake Tanganyika in the Gombe Stream Reserve. Her first attempts to observe closely a group of chimpanzees failed; she could get no nearer than 500 yards before the chimps fled. After finding another suitable group of chimpanzees to follow, she established a nonthreatening pattern of observation, appearing at the same time every morning on the high ground near a feeding area along the Kakaombe Stream valley. The chimpanzees soon tolerated her presence and, within a year, allowed her to move as close as 30 feet to their feeding area. After two years of seeing her every day, they showed no fear and often came to her in search of bananas.

 

Discoveries

Goodall used her newfound acceptance to establish what she termed the “banana club,” a daily systematic feeding method she used to gain trust and to obtain a more thorough understanding of everyday chimpanzee behavior. Using this method, she became closely acquainted with more than half of the reserve’s 100 or more chimpanzees. She imitated their behaviors, spent time in the trees, and ate their foods. By remaining in almost constant contact with the chimps, she discovered a number of previously unobserved behaviors. She noted that chimps have a complex social system, complete with ritualized behaviors and primitive but discernible communication methods, including a primitive “language” system containing more than 20 individual sounds. She is credited with making the first recorded observations of chimpanzees eating meat and using and making tools. Tool making was previously thought to be an exclusively human trait, used, until her discovery, to distinguish humans from animals. She also noted that chimpanzees throw stones as weapons, use touch and embraces to comfort one another, and develop long-term familial bonds. The male plays no active role in family life but is part of the group’s social stratification. The chimpanzee “caste” system places the dominant males at the top. The lower castes often act obsequiously in their presence, trying to ingratiate themselves to avoid possible harm. The male’s rank is often related to the intensity of his entrance performance at feedings and other gatherings.

Ethologists had long believed that chimps were exclusively vegetarian. Goodall witnessed chimps stalking, killing, and eating large insects, birds, and some bigger animals, including baby baboons and bushbacks (small antelopes). On one occasion, she recorded acts of cannibalism. In another instance, she observed chimps inserting blades of grass or leaves into termite hills to lure worker or soldier termites onto the blade. Sometimes, in true toolmaker fashion, they modified the grass to achieve a better fit. Then they used the grass as a long-handled spoon to eat the termites.

Marriage

In 1962 Baron Hugo van Lawick, a Dutch wildlife photographer, was sent to Africa by the National Geographic Society to film Goodall at work. The assignment ran longer than anticipated; Goodall and van Lawick were married on March 28, 1964. Their European honeymoon marked one of the rare occasions on which Goodall was absent from Gombe Stream. Her other trips abroad were necessary to fulfill residency requirements at Cambridge University, where she received a Ph.D. in ethology in 1965, becoming only the eighth person in the university’s long history who was allowed to pursue a Ph.D. without first earning abaccalaureate degree. Her doctoral thesis, “Behavior of the Free-Ranging Chimpanzee,” detailed her first five years of study at the Gombe Reserve.

Van Lawick’s film, Miss Goodall and the Wild Chimpanzees, was first broadcast on American television on December 22, 1965. The film introduced the shy, determined Goodall to a wide audience. Goodall, van Lawick (along with their son, Hugo, born in 1967), and the chimpanzees soon became a staple of American and British public television. Through these programs, Goodall challenged scientists to redefine the long-held “differences” between humans and other primates.

Impact on Africa

Goodall’s fieldwork led to the publication of numerous articles and five major books. She was known and respected first in scientific circles and, through the media, became a minor celebrity. In the Shadow of Man, her first major text, appeared in 1971. The book, essentially a field study of chimpanzees, effectively bridged the gap between scientific treatise and popular entertainment. Her vivid prose brought the chimps to life, although her tendency to attribute human behaviors and names to chimpanzees struck some critics being as manipulative. Her writings reveal an animal world of social drama, comedy, and tragedy where distinct and varied personalities interact and sometimes clash.

From 1970-1975, Goodall held a visiting professorship in psychiatry at Stanford University. In 1973 she was appointed honorary visiting professor of Zoology at the University of Dar es Salaam in Tanzania, a position she still holds. Her marriage to van Lawick over, she wed Derek Bryceson, a former member of Parliament, in 1973. After attending a 1986 conference in Chicago that focused on the ethical treatment of chimpanzees, she began directing her energies toward educating the public about the wild chimpanzee’s endangered habitat and about the unethical treatment of chimpanzees that are used for scientific research.

To preserve the wild chimpanzee’s environment, Goodall encourages African nations to develop nature-friendly tourism programs, a measure that makes wildlife into a profitable resource. She actively works with business and local governments to promote ecological responsibility. Her efforts on behalf of captive chimpanzees have taken her around the world on a number of lecture tours. She outlined her position strongly in her 1990 book Through a Window: “The more we learn of the true nature of nonhuman animals, especially those with complex brains and corresponding complex social behaviour, the more ethical concerns are raised regarding their use in the service of man–whether this be in entertainment, as ‘pets,’ for food,

in research laboratories or any of the other uses to which we subject them. This concern is sharpened when the usage in question leads to intense physical or mental suffering–as is so often true with regard to vivisection.”

Accomplishments

Goodall’s stance is that scientists must try harder to find alternatives to the use of animals in research. She has openly declared her opposition to militant animal rights groups who engage in violent or destructive demonstrations. Extremists on both sides of the issue, she believes, polarize thinking and make constructive dialogue nearly impossible. While she is reluctantly resigned to the continuation of animal research, she feels that young scientists must be educated to treat animals more compassionately. “By and large,” she has written, “students are taught that it is ethically acceptable to perpetrate, in the name ofscience, what, from the point of view of animals, would certainly qualify as torture.”

Goodall’s efforts to educate people about the ethical treatment of animals extends to young children as well. Her 1989 book, The Chimpanzee Family Book, was written specifically for children, to convey a new, more humane view of wildlife. The book received the 1989 Unicef/Unesco Children’s Book-of-the-Year Award, and Goodall used the prize money to have the text translated into Swahili. It has been distributed throughout Tanzania, Uganda, and Burundi to educate children who live in or near areas populated by chimpanzees. A French version has also been distributed in Burundi and Congo.

In recognition of her achievements, Goodall has received numerous honors and awards, including the Gold Medal of Conservation from the San Diego Zoological Society in 1974, the J. Paul Getty Wildlife Conservation Prize in 1984, the Schweitzer Medal of the Animal Welfare Institute in 1987, the National Geographic Society Centennial Award in 1988, and the Kyoto Prize in Basic Sciences in 1990. More recently, she was named a Messenger of Peace by the United Nations in 2002 and a Dame of the British Empire by Queen Elizabeth II of England in 2003.

Many of Goodall’s endeavors are conducted under the auspices of the Jane Goodall Institute for Wildlife Research, Education, and Conservation, a nonprofit organization located in Ridgefield, Connecticut.

Read More: http://www.biography.com/people/jane-goodall-9542363?page=1

A Message From The Creator

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